6) A TT (tall) plant is crossed with a tt (short). What percentage of the offspring will be tall? ____________
7) The allele N codes for a normal nose and the allele n codes for a green nose. If two individuals who are both heterozygous at this gene location mate with each other, what combinations of alleles will their offspring have (genotypic ratio)? What will their noses look like (phenotypic ratio)?
8) In pea plants, the allele for tall plants (T) is dominant to the allele for short plants (t). You observe that the offspring of a cross include 78 tall plants and 27 short plants. 1) What was the probable allele combination of the two parent plants? 2) How would your answer change if the offspring included 121 tall plants and 118 short plants?
9) In tomatoes red fruit color is dominant to yellow. Suppose a tomato plant homozygous for red is crossed with one homozygous for yellow. Determine the appearance of the F1 Generation.
10) A red-fruited tomato plant (which is dominant), when crossed with a yellow-fruited one, produces progeny about half of which are red-fruited and half which are yellow fruited. What are the genotypes of the parents?
11) In cocker spaniels, black coat (B) is dominant over red (b), and solid color (S) is dominant over spotted (s). If two dihybrids (BbSs) were crossed, which would be produced?
a. black and spotted pure breeding forms b. black and solid pure breeding forms
c. red and solid pure breeding forms d. red and spotted pure breeding forms
e. all of these
12) In dogs, wire hair (H) is dominant to smooth hair (h). In a cross of a homozygous wire-haired dog with a smooth-haired dog, what will be the phenotypic ratio of the F1 Generation?
13) In certain cats, tail length is determined by a gene that demonstrates incomplete dominance. The allele that causes a long tail (T) is not completely dominant over the allele that causes no tail (t). If a cat is heterozygous for this trait (Tt), then the cat will have a short tail. What is the probability that the offspring will be manx cats (no tails) if a short-tailed cat is bred with a manx cat (no tail)?
14) Woodrats are medium sized rodents with lots of interesting behaviors. You may know them as packrats. Let’s assume that the trait of bringing home shiny objects (H) is controlled by a single gene and is dominant to the trait of carrying home only dull objects (h). Suppose two heterozygous individuals are crossed. How many of each genotype would be expected if only 4 offspring were produced? How many woodrats bring home shiny objects? Dull objects?
15) The ability to roll up the tongue into a U-Shape is a dominant trait. Suppose a women who can roll her tongue has children with a man who cannot roll his tongue. Their first child cannot roll his tongue. What does this tell us about the genotype of the woman?
16) The type of headcomb possessed by a chicken is determined by two different genes. R and P are dominant alleles of the two genes, r and p are the recessive alleles of the two genes.
R_pp codes for a rose comb
rrP_ codes for a pea comb
R_P_ codes for a walnut comb
rrpp codes for a single comb
(The “_” indicates that either allele may be present here. Do you understand why it doesn’t matter which allele is
Suppose a hen and a rooster who both have allele combinations of RrPp mate. What will be the ratio of the 4 types of comb among the offspring (phenotypic ratio)?